Tea guy Thomas Kasper commented a short while ago that trying to map all the mountains in China where tea was grown would be a formidable and daunting task. I agree. The number of mountains in China is substantial, and the ones with tea growing on them is a pretty good-sized chunk. Some are more well-known outside of China than others. The Wuyi Mountains are the first to come to mind, as seen here in this photo from One Piece Travel:
These mountains are in the northern part of the Fujian province of China. The Wuyi Mountains extend from Wuyishan City, Nanping prefecture, Fujian province, and Wuyishan Town, at Shangrao city in Jiangxi province. Teas from there include the famous Wuyi Rock Oolongs.
Then there are the Huangshan (literally “Yellow Mountain”) near Huangshan City. The range is in southern Anhui province in eastern China. A superb tea called Huangshan Maofeng comes from here.
The province of Yunnan in China is very mountainous. Large-leaf varietal tea plants, for the most part, are grown in many locations and are made into primarily pu-erh teas. But mapping all the locations would be a lifetime commitment. I’ll just enjoy the teas. Some of their main peaks are: Daxue Mountain, Haba Xueshan, Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, Mount Jizu, Kawagarbo, Laojun Mountain, Mianzimu, Phu Si Lung, and Shiceng Dashan. Not all are planted with tea, being too inaccessible or of the wrong terrain.
The Xinjiang province in northwest China also has a large amount of mountain peaks in it. A number of tisanes come from there, featuring dried lavender, barley, safflower, chrysanthemum, and spearmint. They don’t seem to produce much tea, though. The province is in a bit of turmoil due to ethnic conflicts.
In the Jiangxi province in southeast China, a special Xinjiang Yu Rong green tea is produced in Huaguo Mountain. The moist climate (misty, abundant rainfall) of this region combines with fertile soil and so is very suitable for growing tea. This tea undergoes the various production processes (sunning, fixing, rolling drying, etc.). The leaf shape is thin and white like duck down, with a bright green color. They infuse a clear and bright liquid that has a long-lasting chestnut aroma. Key peaks: Mount Longhu, Mount Lu, and Mount Sanqing.
Some peaks of note (listed by province) where tea may or may not be grown:
- Anhui – Mount Jiuhua, Mount Langya, Mount Qiyun, Mount Tianzhu, and Tiantangzhai (also partly in Hubei province).
- Fujian – Mount Huangbo, Zimao Mountain
- Guangdong – Baiyun Mountain, Mount Danxia, Dinghu Mountain, Mount Luofu, Shenguang Mountain, Wutong Mountain, and Mount Xiqiao
- Henan – Mount Du, Shennong Mountain, Shiren Mountain, Mount Song, Tianzhong Mountain, Mount Wangwu, Xiao Mountain, and Yuntai Mountain (Henan)
- Hunan – Mount Heng (Hunan), Tianmen Mountain, Tianzi Mountain, Wugai Mountain, Yuelu Mountain, and Yun Mountain
- Jiangsu – Jiangjun Mountain, Mount Lingyan, Purple Mountain, Qixia Mountain, and Yunlong Mountain
- Liaoning – Bijia Mountain, Dahei Mountain, Wunü Mountain, and Yiwulü Mountain
- Sichuan –Mount Emei, Mount Erlang, Mount Genyen, Mount Gongga, Mount Pomiu, Mount Qingcheng, Mount Tangjia, Tuoshan, Mount Siguniang, and Mount Xuebaoding
- Zhejiang – Huangyajian Peak, Mount Jianglang, Mount Mogan, Mount Putu,o, Tianmu Mountain, Mount Tiantai, and Zhaobao Mountain
Yes, mapping the tea mountains of China would be quite a task. But enjoying the teas from there is easier than ever. Just point, click, and shop!